General Thoughts

My Review of Geoffrey de Lagasnerie’s Judge and Punish at boundary 2

I forgot to post this on my blog site. You can find it here. It opens this way:

Geoffrey de Lagasnerie’s Judge and Punish: The Penal State on Trial, first published in French as L’État pénal face à la sociologie (The Penal State Confronts Sociology, Paris: Librairie Arthème Fayard, 2016) and translated well by Lara Vergnaud, is an at times brilliantly written polemic, decoding the ways in which we take our systems of judging and punishing as an ever-existing part of our background. This book is not a genealogy of the jurisprudential models used in the West and so is not akin to Michel Foucault’s history of the prison in Discipline and Punish (1975). Nor is it a long history of the birth of punishment as in Friedrich Nietzsche’s Genealogy of Morals (1887). Nor is it is call for prison abolitionism à la Angela Davis. But it is a searing and necessary brief against how we judge guilt and innocence in criminal trials that provide entree to the state networks of systemic violence against the poor, those of color, and the marginalized in general. De Lagasnerie proves an ample prosecutor of the current French system—the book is replete with memorable lines that will stick with any jury of his peers reading along—and his suit is one that can and should be brought in different jurisdictions across the West.

Yet his case all but falls apart as he comes to his summation. There, in the final chapters, after so many allegations that he is undertaking a “radical” critique of these systems, he argues for a neoliberal response to crime and justice that he argues has not yet occurred in practice.  “If modern transformations of the state had truly been driven by a neoliberal logic,” he writes, “they wouldn’t have taken the form of a strengthening of the penal state,” he states as if it were a matter of fact (180). This left neoliberalism, he stipulates, would privatize much of the criminal justice system (175-6). He leaves unexplained the rapid increases in the prison population of the United Kingdom, the United StatesAustralia, and his home country of France, those places where fiscal austerity and neoliberalism have been strongest even as crime rates have decreased often to their historically weakest. How to explain this correlation between neoliberal governance and the steroidal increase in the rise of our prison populations if it’s not in fact a relation of causation? He offers no exculpatory evidence. His amicus curiae for neoliberalism—the idealist route when facts are not in evidence—is to say neoliberalism hasn’t been taken far enough: its hyper-individualism provides another “conception of judgment and law” (79) that has been ignored by a dépassé but still remnant state authoritarianism that neoliberalism has yet to conquer (62). Once this occurs, there will be a privatization of criminality, creating a “horizontal” relation between victimizer and victimized, with minimal intervention by the state, whose sovereign, top-down relation to those rendered guilty of crimes would all but disappear (183).

 

Arendt’s mid-50s compiled writings on Marx reviewed

Published as The Modern Challenge to Tradition: Fragmente eines Buchs,
edited by Barbara Hahn and James McFarland, with Ingo Kieslich and Ingeborg Nordmann, the book is reviewed by Geoffrey Wildanger in the Boston Review:

As in her conversation, Arendt’s writing on social concerns is often characterized by defensiveness, yet she does criticize capitalism. This volume is a boon to those interested in her idiosyncratic thought on economic matters, in particular her distance from both socialist and free market thinkers. According to his dialectical model of history, Marx thought capitalism would create its own gravediggers. Arendt doubts any such tendency to self-destruction, and thus she finds nothing dialectically redeemable about the violence of the marketplace. While a free market would totally colonize the space of political action, Arendt also argues that total expropriation is “hell.” The dogged pursuit of economic ends, whether the free market or redistribution, results in mass violence. That economic compulsion can only be challenged by politics, and politics can only be determined by individuals exercising judgment in public. The problem is that the means of ensuring the possibility of exercising judgment cannot be predetermined. The Modern Challenge to Tradition does not square this circle of political checks on economic pursuits so much as it dwells in the intractability of the problem.

Source: The Book on Marx That Arendt Never Finished | Boston Review

Two new issues of Analecta Hermeneutica out now 

Two new issues have been published: AH10 (2018), The Anthropocene, edited by Jay Foster and Jeni Barton, and AH7 (back dated to 2015), Review Issue, edited by Michelle Rebidoux. Both are open access, as always, and can be read here: https://journals.library.mun.ca/ojs/index.php/analecta/index. The second, by my Continental Philosophy of Science co-editor Jay Foster, is particularly crucial to me, though there are great articles throughout, from a quick perusal. I read Jay’s article’s first and they are important contributions, as one always expects from him. Sean McGrath’s article on nature is another excellent one, as is Uwe Voigt. Go consider this a late holiday gift of plenty of good reasing:

Analecta Hermeneutica Vol. 10 (2018): The Anthropocene. Edited by Jeni Barton and Jay Foster

 Introduction: The Boundaries of the Anthropocene. Jeni Barton and Jay Foster

The Anthropocene, Cultural-Technological Life, and the Ecological Turn: Rethinking Nature and Humanity via a Real Relation to the Possible. Philip Rose

Hope in the Age of the Anthropocene. Brian Treanor

Why Political Ecology Cannot Let Go of Nature. Sean J. McGrath

Inside the Anthropocene. Uwe Voigt

Nine Christian Responses to the Ecological Crisis. Michelle Rebidoux

The River Lech—a Cyborg. Jens Soentgen

The Geo-Politics of the Anthropocene: Using Stratigraphy to Naturalize the Anthropocene as a Formal Geological Unit. Jeni Barton

Let’s Not Talk About the Anthropocene. Jay Foster

Reviews and Notices

Review of Byron Williston, The Anthropocene Project: Virtue in the Age of Climate Change. Oxford University Press, 2015. Jay Foster

Review of Susan Dodd and Neil G. Robertson, eds., Hegel and Canada: Unity of Opposites. University of Toronto Press, 2018. James Scott Johnston

Review of Dale Schlitt, German Idealism’s Trinitarian Legacy. Albany, NY: SUNY, 2016. Sean J. McGrath

Review of Henning Schmidgen, Bruno Latour in Pieces: An Intellectual Biography. Translated by Gloria Custance. New York: Fordham University Press., 2014. Shannon O’Rourke

Review of Daniel P. Scheid, The Cosmic Common Good. Oxford University Press, 2016. Jared Call

Analecta Hermeneutica 7 (2015): Review Issue, edited by Michelle Rebidoux

Review of John Haugeland, Dasein Disclosed: John Haugeland’s Heidegger. Ed. Joseph Rouse. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2013. 336 pages. Emily-Jean Gallant

Review of Mary-Jane Rubenstein, Worlds Without End: The Many Lives of the Multiverse. New York: Columbia University Press, 2014. 343 pages. Daniel Adsett

Review of Peter Carravetta, The Elusive Hermes: Method, Discourse, Interpreting. Aurora, Colorado: The Davies Group Publishers, 2012. 486 pages. Patrick Renaud

Review of Matthew C. Altman and Cynthia D. Coe, The Fractured Self in Freud and German Philosophy. London: Palgrave MacMillan, 2013. 247 pages. James Scott Johnson 

Review of Richard Kearney and Brian Treanor, eds., Carnal Hermeneutics. New York: Fordham University Press, 2015. 408 pages. Samuel Underwood

Review of Mona Siddiqui, Hospitality and Islam: Welcoming in God’s Name. New Haven and London, Yale University Press, 2015. 274 pages. Michelle Rebidoux

Review of Elliot R. Wolfson, Giving Beyond the Gift: Apophasis and Overcoming Theomania, New York: Fordham University Press, 2014. 547 pages. Michelle Rebidoux

Review of Peter Tyler, Teresa of Avila: Doctor of the Soul, London: Bloomsbury, 2013. 223 pages.    Michelle Rebidoux

MIMI SHELLER’S ‘CARIBBEAN FUTURES IN THE OFFSHORE ANTHROPOCENE’, A FORUM – Society & Space

While laid up in bed with the flu today, this was a pleasant (if the topic is not) roundtable with three brilliant responses at Society and Space from the recent S&S AAG session:

More than past slaves and labour: Complicating climate change vulnerability in the name of Caribbean Futures Sharlene Mollett

Caribbean futures in the offshore Anthropocene: Debt, disaster, and durationBeverley Mullings

The archipelago and politics of possibility Marion Werner

Climates of coloniality and the coloniality of climates Mimi Sheller